Here are a couple of exercises I would like you to do during the holiday!
For questions 1-8, read the text below and decide which answer (А, В, C or D) best fits each gap. There is an example at the beginning (0).
|A bright||В fair||C keen||D sharp|
Messages from the Stone Age
The incredible pre-historic Chauvet cave art in France is painted in 0 _____ colours and dates back to a period around thirty thousand years ago when early humans first started to create rock art. Although various 1 _____ of this art have been found in caves in Western Europe, very few people have seen the art at Chauvet because it is located 2 _____ inside an inaccessible underground cave system. Those who have seen it say that it is very impressive, showing animals 3 _____ horses, rhinos and cows, and that the artwork is good enough to 4 _____ modern compositions.
The first scientists to 5 _____ the Chauvet paintings missed some other important 6 _____ however. The walls of the cave are also marked with a series of lines and symbols, that were initially 7 _____ as insignificant. But recent research has suggested that these marks may represent humankind’s first steps towards the development of writing, which is 8 _____ people to rethink their ideas about when written communication first started.
|1||A illustrations||B models||C cases||D examples|
|2||A deep||B thick||C long||D dense|
|3||A by means of||B apart from||C as well as||D such as|
|4||A rival||B compare||C compete||D oppose|
|5||A arrive||B reach||C meet||D know|
|6||A instances||B matters||C details||D issues|
|7||A believed||B regarded||C thought||D agreed|
|8||A resulting||B having||C making||D causing|
For questions 9-16, read the text below and think of the word which best fits each gap. Use only one word in each gap. There is an example at the beginning (0). In the exam, write your answers IN CAPITAL LETTERS on tho separate answer sheet.
Swimming with seals
The UK is home to half the world’s population of grey seals and there 0 _____ many local boat trips offering sightseeing tours out to the islands and sandbanks 9 _____ the animals are most regularly found.
But if you really want to get close 10 _____ the seals and understand something about their way of life, then you need to go on an underwater seal-watching trip. On these trips, you have the chance to go over the side of the boat and, equipped 11 _____ a wetsuit, mask and snorkel, spend time in the water alongside the animals.
Seals are extremely inquisitive creatures and, once you’re in the water, they will swim past you trying to work 12 _____ who you are and 13 _____ you’re doing there. 14 _____ they can appear shy at first, seals soon 15 _____ used to you being in the water, and will come and play around you. Young pups especially like to 16 _____ contact with divers, and often use their teeth, gently biting masks, fins and cameras out of curiosity. It can be a thrilling experience.
On the surface, Facebook (0) founder (FOUND) Mark Zuckerberg’s (1) (ANNOUNCE) that he’s donating around 99 percent —
(2) (ROUGH) $45 billion — of his Facebook stock to philanthropy seems genuine.
Other notable (3) (BILLION), like Warren Buffett and Bill Gates, have made similar pledges to donate a large bulk of their net worth to charitable causes. However, this is actually just a clever ruse that allows these rich people to get out of paying taxes on their enormous sums of wealth. As facts come out about Zuckerberg’s new organization, the (4) (INITIATE) seems less like charity and more like a tax ploy.
(5) (LIKE) the Bill and Melinda Gates (6) (FOUND), a 501(c)(3) nonprofit, the newly-created Chan Zuckerberg organization (named after both the Facebook mogul and his wife, Priscilla Chan) is an LLC. This frees up the organization to do everything from invest its endowment in private (7) (CORPORATE) as well as fund charitable efforts and participate in (8) (POLITICIAN). A public release from Facebook confirmed the structure of Zuckerberg’s new project.
See you in class!